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WORLD WAR TWO FACTS


U.S. Active Military Personnel (1939-1945)

Year Army Navy Marine Corps Total
1939 189,839 125,202 19,432 334,473
1940 269,023 160,997 28,345 458,365
1941 1,462,315 284,427 54,359 1,801,101
1942 3,075,608 640,570 142,613  3,858,791
1943 6,994,472 1,741,750 308,523 9,044,745
1944 7,994,750 2,981,365 475,604 11,451,719
1945 8,267,958 3,380,817 474,680 12,123,455

Officers and enlisted personnel

Profile of U.S. Military Personnel (1941-1945)

Volunteers:
38.8 % (6,332,000)
Draftees:
61.2 % (11,535,000) 
Of 17,955,000 men examined for induction 35.8 % (6,420,000) were rejected as physically or mentally unfit for service.
Overseas service:
73% of all military personnel served overseas.
Average time overseas 16.2 months.
Combat survivability (Out of every 1,000):
8.6 were killed in combat
3.0 died due to reasons other than combat
17.7 received combat wounds (non fatal)
Non-combatant employment: 
38.8% of the enlisted personnel had rear echelon assignments - administrative, technical, support or manual labor.
Average pay: 
Enlisted $71.33 per month. 
Officers $203.50 per month.
Average length of service: 
33 months.

U.S. Armed Forces Losses (1939-1945)

Branch of Service    Killed in Action (KIA) Wounded in Action (WIA)
Army/Army Air Corps 234,874 565,861
Navy  36,950 37,778
Marine Corps 19,733  67,207
Coast Guard 574  432
Total 292,131 671,278

 

  Killed in Action (KIA)    Died as Prisoner of War (POW)
Merchant Marine 6,833 62

Prisoners of War (POWs)

POWs American British French Dutch Polish Yugoslav Germany Italy Japan
Held by Allies*              630,000 430,000 11,600
Held by Germany 90,000 200,000 765,000   68,000 125,000   550,000  
Held by Japan   15,000 108,000   22,000          

*Excludes prisoners held by the Soviet Union


Aircraft Production (All Types)

  1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Total
U.S. 2,141 6,086 19,433 47,836 85,898 96,318 46,001 303,713
Britain 7,940 15,049  20,094  23,672 26,263 26,461 12,070 131,549
U.S.S.R.  10,382  10,565 15,737  25,436 34,900 40,300  20,900  158,220
Germany 8,295 10,826 12,401  15,409  24,807  40,593 7,540 119.871
Japan 4,467 4,768 5,088 8,861 16,693 28,180 8,263  76,320

Military Losses (1939-1945)

Country Aircraft Vessels*
Germany 95,000 672
Japan 49,485 433
Italy 4,000 300
U.S. 59,296 157
Britain 33,090 296
Australia 7,160  
Canada 2,389  
New Zealand 684  
India 527  
France 2,100 129
Netherlands   40
Norway   40
Sweden 272  
Denmark 154  
Greece   22
Yugoslavia   13
Soviet Union   102**
Other   36
*Submarine, frigate & larger vessels.
**Unconfirmed number.

Merchant Ship Losses (1939-1945)

Britain 3,194
U.S. 866
Other Allies 1,457
Neutral 902
Germany  
Japan 2,346

 

Japanese Ship Losses (1941-1945) from all sources

All Sources Naval Vessels   Merchant Vessels Total
Sunk by Number Tonnage Number Tonnage Number Tonnage
    United States 611 1,822,210 2,117 7,913,858 2,728 9,736,068
    Allies 45 69,636 73 211,664 118 281,300
    United States & Allies 10 14,864 12 57,923 22 72,787
    Accidents 13 50,338 97 268,948 110 319,286
    Japanese Mines      21 67,197 21 67,197
    Unknown 7 8,598 26 98,519 33 107,117
Total 686 1,965,646 2,346 8,618,109 3,032 10,583,755

Japanese Ship Losses (1941-1945) from United States forces

United States Forces Naval Vessels Merchant Vessels Total
Sunk by Number Tonnage Number Tonnage Number Tonnage

Submarines

201 540,192 1,113 4,779,902 1,314 5,320,094

Navy-Marine Corps Aircraft

172 724,638 447 1,608,959 619 2,333,597

Army Aircraft

70 62,165 240 639,667 310 701,832

Surface Ships

112 277,817 11 43,349 123 321,166

Mines

19 17,995 247 591,660 266 609,655

Aircraft and Other Weapons

35 196,633 55 247,016 90 443,649

Navy Shore Batteries

2 2,770     2 2,770

Unknown

    4 3,305 4 3,305
Total 611 1,822,210 2,117 7,913,858 2,728 9,736,068

Disclaimer : This information is intended to be a general compilation of war time facts.  It is NOT the definitive source.  References may vary on numbers.  

Sources:

1)Goralski, Robert; World War II Almanac: 1939-1945, New York, Putnam's Sons, 1981
2)Enock, Arthur; This War Business, London, The Bodley Head, 1951
3)Naval Staff, The Admiralty, Report, London, 1945
4)Department of Naval Intelligence, United States Navy, Report, 1945
5)Compere, Tom (ed); The Navy Blue Book, Volume 1, Military Publishing Institute, 1960