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United States Marine Corps
Aircraft, Units, and Locations
December 7, 1941

by Jack McKillop

 

 

USMC AIRCRAFT

F2A Brewster Buffalo F4F Grumman Wildcat
 J2F Grumman Duck JO Lockheed
JRB Beech Expeditor JRF Grumman Goose
JRS Sikorsky R3D Douglas
SBC Curtiss Helldiver SBD Douglas Dauntless
SB2U Vought Vindicator SNJ North American

USMC AVIATION UNITS

1st Marine Aircraft Wing

Unit Aircraft Location
Wing 1 JRB-2 and 1 SBC-4 MCAS, Quantico, Virginia
MAG-11 2 SBD-1 MCAS, Quantico, Virginia
VMF-111 15 F4F-3A & 2 SNJ-3 NOTE 1
VMF-121 20 F4F-3 & 2 SNJ-3 NOTE 1
VMSB-131 18 SB2U-3  
VMSB-132 19 SBD  
VMO-151 12 SBC-4 NOTE 1
VMJ-152 3 J2F-4, 2 R3Ds, 1 J2F-1 & 1 JO-2  
NOTE 1 - On maneuvers at MCAS, Cherry Point, North Carolina

2d Marine Aircraft Wing

Unit Aircraft Location
MAG-21   MCAS, Ewa, Territory of Hawaii
VMF-211 12 F4F-3 Wake Island
"
10 F4F-3 & 1 SNJ MCAS, Ewa, Territory of Hawaii
VMF-221 14 F2A-3 USS Saratoga (CV-3)
VMB-231 18 SB2U-3 USS Lexington (CV-2)
"
7 SB2U-3 MCAS, Ewa, Territory of Hawaii
VMB-232 19 SBD-1 and 3 SBD-2  MCAS, Ewa, Territory of Hawaii
VMO-251 no aircraft NAS San Diego, California
VMJ-252 2 J2F-4, 2 R3D-2, 1 JO-2, 1 JRS-1,
1 SBD-1 and 1 SB2U-3
MCAS, Ewa, Territory of Hawaii

Base Air Detachment 3

Unit Aircraft Location
VMS-3 7 J2F-4 and 1 JRF MCAS, St Thomas, Virgin Islands
 
 

USMC GROUND UNITS

Divisions

1st Marine Division MB, New River, North Carolina
2d Marine Division MCB, San Diego, California
 

Brigades

1st Marine Brigade Iceland
2d Marine Brigade MCB, San Diego, California

Regiments

1st Marine Regiment MB, Parris Island, South Carolina
2d Marine Regiment MCB, Camp Elliott, California
4th Marine Regiment Corregidor Island, Philippine Islands
5th Marine Regiment MB, New River, North Carolina
6th Marine Regiment Iceland
7th Marine Regiment MB, New River, North Carolina
8th Marine Regiment MCB, San Diego, California
10th Marine Regiment  
     HQ & Service Battery MCB, Camp Elliott, California
     1st Battalion, MCB San Diego, California
     2d Battalion Iceland
     3d Battalion MCB, Camp Elliott, California
     4th Battalion MCB, Camp Elliott, California
11th Marine Regiment  
     HQ & Service Battalion MB, New River, North Carolina
     1st Batallion MB, New River, North Carolina
     2d Batallion MB, New River, North Carolina
     4th Battalion Parris Island, South Carolina
 

Battalions

1st Amphibian Tractor Battalion MB, New River, North Carolina
1st Defense Battalion NSY, Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
     Detachment Johnston Island
     Detachment Palmyra Island
     Detachment Wake Island
1st Engineer Battalion  
     HQ & Service Company MB, New River, North Carolina
     Company A, B and D MB, New River, North Carolina
     Company C Iceland
1st Medical Battalion MB, New River, North Carolina
1st Parachute Battalion MB, New River, North Carolina
1st Service Battalion MB, New River, North Carolina
1st Tank Battalion MB, New River, North Carolina
2d Amphibian Tractor Battalion MCB, San Diego, California
2d Defense Battalion  
     HQ & Service Battery MCB, San Diego, California
     Machine Gun Group MCB, San Diego, California
     3-inch Antiaircraft Group MCB, San Diego, California
     5-inch Artillery Group MCB, San Diego, California
     7-inch Artillery Group MB, Parris Island, South Carolina
2d Engineer Battalion NSY, Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
2d Medical Battalion  
     HQ & Service Co MCB, San Diego, California
     Company A Iceland
     Company B MCB Camp Elliott, California
     Company C and D MCB, San Diego, California
2d Parachute Battalion MCB, San Diego, California
2d Service Battalion  
     HQ & Service Company MCB, San Diego, California
     Company A  
          1st Platoon Iceland
          2d and 3d Platoons NSY, Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
     Company B MCB, San Diego, California
2d Special Weapons Battalion MCB, San Diego, California
2d Tank Battalion  
HQ & Service Company MCB, Camp Elliott, California
Company A Iceland
Company B MCB, San Diego, California
Company C MCB, Camp Elliott, California
3d Defense Battalion NSY, Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
4th Defense Battalion NSY, Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
5th Defense Battalion Iceland
6th Defense Battalion Midway Island
     Rear Echelon Detachment NSY, Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
7th Defense Battalion American Samoa

Companies

1st Guard Company MB, New River, North Carolina
1st Scout Company  
     1st and 2d Platoon MB, New River, North Carolina
     3d Platoon Iceland
1st Signal Company MB, New River, North Carolina
2d Engineer Company MCB, San Diego, California
2d Guard Company MCB, San Diego, California
2d Scout Company MCB, San Diego, California
2d Signal Company MCB, San Diego, California
HQ Company, 2d Joint Training Force, Pacific Fleet MCB, San Diego, California
HQ Company, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet MB, Quantico, Virginia
Service Company, 2d Marine Brigade MCB, San Diego, California
 

Miscellaneous Units

1st Antiaircraft Machine Gun Battery MB, New River, North Carolina
1st Barrage Balloon Squadron Ft. Randolph, Canal Zone
1st Base Depot, Navy Base Norfolk, Virginia
2d Barrage Balloon Squadron MB, Parris Island, South Carolina
2d Base Depot MCB, San Diego, California
5th Artillery Group MB, Parris Island, South Carolina
Battery C, 2d Artillery Group MCB San Diego, California
Marine Embassy/Legation Guard (North China Marines) Peking and Tientsin, China
     Detachment Chinwangtao, China
 

USMC BASES AND STATIONS

United States

California
     MCB, Camp Elliott, San Diego
          HQ & Service Battery and 3d and 4th Battalions, 2d Marine Regiment
          10th Marine Regiment
          Company B, 2d Medical Battalion
          Company C, 2d Tank Battalion
     MCB, San Diego
          2d Marine Division
          2d Marine Brigade
          8th Marine Regiment
          1st Battalion, 10th Marine Regiment
           2d Amphibian Tractor Battalion
          2d Defense Battalion (less 7-inch Artillery Group)
          2d Parachute Battalion
          2d Service Battalion (less 1st Platoon, Company A)
          2d Special Weapons Battalion
          HQ & Service Company and Company C and D, 2d Medical Battalion
          Company B, 2d Tank Battalion
          2d Engineer Company
          2d Guard Company
          2d Scout Company
          2d Signal Company
          HQ Company, 2d Joint Training Force, Pacific Fleet
          Service Company, 2nd Marine Brigade
          2d Base Depot
          Battery C, 2nd Artillery Group
     NAS San Diego
          2d Marine Aircraft Wing
          VMO-251
North Carolina 
     MB, New River
          1st Marine Division
          5th Marine Regiment
          7th Marine Regiment
          HQ & Service Battalion and 1st and 2d Batallions, 11th Marine Regiment
          1st Amphibian Tractor Battalion
          1st Medical Battalion
          1st Parachute Battalion
          1st Service Battalion
          1st Tank Battalion
          HQ & Serivce Company and Company A, B and D, 1st Engineer Battalion
          1st Guard Company
          1st Signal Company
          1st and 2d Platoons, 1st Scout Company
          1st Antiaircraft Machine Gun Battery
South Carolina
     MB, Parris Island
          1st Marine Regiment
          4th Battalion, 11th Marine Regiment
          7-inch Artillery Group, 2d Defense Battalion
          2d Barrage Balloon Squadron
          5th Artillery Group
Virginia
     Army Base, Norfolk
          1st Base Depot
     MB, Quantico
          HQ Company, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet
     MCAS, Quantico
          1st Marine Aircraft Wing
          MAG-11
          VMF-111
          VMF-121
          VMSB-131
          VMSB-132
          VMO-151
          VMJ-152

OVERSEAS

Canal Zone (Ft. Randolph)
     1st Barrage Balloon Squadron
Iceland
     1st Marine Brigade
     6th Marine Regiment
     2d Battalion, 10th Marine Regiment
     5th Defense Battalion
     Company A, 2d Medical Battalion
     Company A, 2d Tank Battalion
     Company C, 1st Engineer Battalion
     1st Platoon, Company A, 2d Service Battalion
     3d Platoon, 1st Scout Company
Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean
     Detachment, 1st Defense Battalion
Midway Island, Pacific Ocean
     6th Defense Battalion less rear echelon detachment
Palmyra Island, Line Islands
     Detachment, 1st Defense Battalion
Philippine Islands (Corregidor Island, Luzon Island)
     4th Marine Regiment
American Samoa
     7th Defense Battalion
Territory of Hawaii
     MCAS Ewa
          MAG-21
          VMB-232
          VMJ-252
          Rear echelon, VMF-211
          Rear echelon, VMB-231
     Navy Yard, Pearl Harbor
          1st Defense Battalion less detachments on Johnston, Palmyra and Wake Islands
          2d Engineer Battalion
          3d Defense Battalion
          4th Defense Battalion
          2d and 3d Platoons, Company A, 2d Service Battalion
          Rear echelon detachment, 6th Defense Battalion
     USS Lexington (CV-2)
          Forward Echelon, VMB-231
     USS Saratoga (CV-3)
          VMF-221
Virgin Islands, MCAS St. Thomas
          Base Air Detachment 3
 Wake Island, North Pacific Ocean
          Detachment, 1st Defense Battalion
          Forward echelon, VMF-211
 

ABBREVIATIONS

MAG  Marine Aircraft Group
MB Marine Base
MCAS Marine Corps Air Station
NAS Naval Air Station
NSY Navy Ship Yard
VMF Marine Fighting Squadron
VMJ Marine Utility Squadron
VMO Marine Observation Squadron
VMS Marine Scouting Squadron
VMSB Marine Scouting Bombing Squadron
 
Compiled courtesy of naval historian Jack McKillop
References:
Sherrod, Robert : History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II. San Rafael, California: Presidio Press, 1980. 496 pages. ISBN 0-89141-111-9.

The information on other USMC units was provided by Benis Frank, former Chief Historian, United States Marine Corps.